Because Lexus cares for you; here are some valuable tips that will help you know more about:

• What the different types of breast cancer screenings are

• When to perform and schedule screenings for breast cancer

WHY IS THIS IMPORTANT?

One in eight women will be diagnosed with breast cancer in her lifetime. However, with early detection and treatment, you can greatly improve your chance of survival.

Three steps to Early Detection

Early detection means finding cancer before it spreads. Breast cancer cannot be prevented, but early detection provides the greatest possibility of successful treatment. By following these three steps, you will help increase your chance of detecting breast cancer early.

  • BREAST SELF-AWARENESS
  • WELL-WOMAN EXAM
  • MAMMOGRAM

Breast self-awareness can help you become familiar with how your breasts normally look and feel. Knowing this will help you identify any changes in your breasts that should be reported to your health care professional promptly. If you find a lump, schedule an appointment with your doctor, but don’t panic – most lumps are not cancer.

Changes to look for include:

• A lump or thickening in or near the breast or in the underarm area

• A change in the size or shape of the breast

• Dimpling or puckering in the skin of the breast

• A nipple turned inward into the breast

• Discharge (fluid) from the nipple

• Scaly, red, or swollen skin on the breast, nipple, or areola (the dark area of skin at the centre of the breast)

You should see your healthcare provider about any of these symptoms.

It is recommended that women visit their family physician or gynaecologist each year for a Well-Woman Exam. In addition to a routine pelvic exam and pap smear, the doctor may perform a brief breast exam to check for abnormalities.

In its early stages, breast cancer doesn’t usually cause symptoms. WHO recommends that women ages 40 and older get a mammogram every year. A mammogram is an X-ray of the breast. It is a safe way to detect cancerous tumours and other abnormal breast conditions, and women who have screening mammograms have a lower chance of dying from breast cancer than women who do not have screening mammograms.

Mammograms can detect cancer or other problems before a lump becomes large enough to be detected by touch. They provide an effective way to find breast cancer in its early stages when treatment is usually the most successful. Mammograms are considered safe, quick, and relatively painless.

HEALTHY HABITS

Leading a healthy lifestyle is recommended to protect your overall health and may help reduce your risk for certain cancers. Here are a few tips to follow:

• Eat five servings or more of fruits and vegetables each day.

• Get regular physical activity.

• Maintain a healthy weight.

• Do not smoke. Or, quit smoking.

Scheduling Exams

While living a healthy life can help reduce your risk for cancer, breast cancer cannot be prevented and can occur at any age. Detecting breast cancer at an early stage, when treatment is more likely to be successful still provides the best hope for survival. This is why it is so important for you to schedule regular exams. Below you will find some general guidelines for breast cancer early detection methods.

EXAM

AGE

FREQUENCY

Breast Self-Awareness

18+

Regularly/Monthly

Well-Woman Exam

21+

Yearly

Mammogram

40+

Yearly

Assessing Your Personal Risk

A risk factor is a characteristic that increases the likelihood of developing breast cancer.

  • I am a woman aged 40 or above: (Yes/No)
  • I have been previously diagnosed with breast cancer or ovarian cancer: (Yes/No)
  • My mother, sister, and/or daughter have been diagnosed with breast cancer: (Yes/No)
  • My mother, sister, and/or daughter have tested positive for a gene mutation that is associated with a higher risk of breast cancer (Yes/No)

If you answered yes to any of these questions, please talk with your doctor about any concerns you have, including whether genetic testing may be right for you.